How to make Red Fire

Lithium ions coloring a flame red

We are all used to flame being yellowy-orange. But can we turn a flame red? Yes, here’s how! Key Takeaways Many metals and non-metals turn flame different colors Alkali and earth alkali metals have low ionization energies  Lithium salts give a purplish-red, and strontium ones a red flame Equipment & Chemicals The preparation is quite… Continue reading How to make Red Fire

The best Way to make Green Fire

Trimethyl Borate ester burning with a green flame

Green is probably the coolest color to turn flames. But there is only one chemical, that will give you real, vibrant green. Here is which one: Key Takeaways This experiment uses dangerous chemicals. Please review the safety The green color is generated from a chemical called trimethyl borate Methanol is used because, on its own,… Continue reading The best Way to make Green Fire

How to make Purple Smoke

Smoke is generated in a lot of chemical reactions, but have you ever created purple smoke? Here is how! Key Takeaways This experiment deals with toxic chemicals, use proper Protection The purple “smoke” is actually no smoke, but iodine vapor During the reaction, a lot of heat is produced and occasionally sparks can be seen… Continue reading How to make Purple Smoke